Pests and Diseases Affecting Vanilla Cultivation in Mexico
Martínez de la Torre, Veracruz, México
Vanilla plantations in Mexico and worldwide are affected to a lesser or greater degree by different pest and diseases, such as Tenthecoris confusus (Hemiptera:Miridae), Fusarium oxysporum, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and Puccinia sinamonea, mainly in the productive stage. The percentage of diseased plants caused by these fungi varies according to the cultivation method, growing conditions of the planting site, among other factors. Once infected plants decrease their yield and fruit quality as well as the production period.
In the presentation of this talk, the symptoms and damages of the pest and diseases will be described for visual identification in the field and to share the experiences regarding the existing prevention methods. Mr. Hernández will also show damage in cured beans caused by fungi. He will also comment on the effect of drought and high temperatures on vanilla production. He believes this information will be very useful for the producers and the people involved in the science and business of vanilla.
Juan Hernández is an agronomist, he works as a Researcher for the National Institute of Forestry, Agricultural and Livestock Research (INIFAP) of the Ministry of Agriculture of Mexico. He has 25 years of experience in the vanilla cultivation, mainly in the systems of production, pest and diseases.
He has participated as a consultant, training courses and technical advisor to producers in Mexico, Central and South America; as well as Madagascar for increasing the productivity and production of Vanilla planifolia crop. He has been invited as a speaker in the previous vanilla meetings organized by Bakto Flavors, LLC and co-author of book chapters and papers.